Freight Performance Measures (FPM) are of interest to transportation planning agencies. One of the key tools that aids in the study of freight system activity is the data from Global Positioning System (GPS) devices located in trucks and cars. While commercially available GPS data has a common basic output format, the level of aggregation of the raw data, impacts the data’s ultimate usability and applications. This paper categorizes the different level of GPS data – from raw to highly aggregate and highlights the different strength, weakness, and applications of the data. Based on the insights learned from previous studies related to GPS data types, the authors make recommendations for how to match the GPS data to different analytical needs.
Sankarakumaraswamy, Saravanya. Edward McCormack, Anne Goodchild, and Mark Hallenbeck. Evaluating Global Positioning System (GPS) Data Usability for Freight Performance Measures. No. 17-04053. 2017.